|Faridkot is one of the districts in the
India with Faridkot city as the district headquarters.
Faridkot District was a part of the erstwhile
Ferozepur Division but in the year 1996, Faridkot Division
was established with a Divisional headquarter at Faridkot which
|The district is named after its headquarters, Faridkot city,
which in turn is named in the honor of
Baba Farid, who was a
Sufi saint and a Muslim missionary. The town of Faridkot was
founded during the 13th century as Mokalhar by Raja Mokalsi, the
grandson of Rai Munj, a Bhatti Chief of
Rajasthan. According to a popular folklore, the Raja renamed
Mokalhar to Faridkot after Baba Farid paid a visit to the town.
It remained the capital during the reign of Mokalsi’s son Jairsi
|Prior to independence, a large part of the district was
under the rule of the Maharaja of Faridkot and later it became a
part of the
Patiala & East Punjab States Union (PEPSU) in 1948. Faridkot
was carved out as a separate district on 7 August 1972 out of
the areas of erstwhile Bathinda District (Faridkot Tehsil) and
Ferozepur District (Moga and Muktsar Tehsils). Further, in
November 1995 the Faridkot District was trifurcated when two of
its sub divisions viz.
Moga were given the status of independent districts.
|The Municipal Council Faridkot came into existence in the
year 1948 and now has a Class -I status. Uma Grover is the
current President of the council.
|The average elevation is 196 metres (643 ft). The town is
located on the Punjab Plains, which in a macro regional context
forms a part of greater Satluj Ganga plain. It is a low-lying
flat area. The surface of the district is depositional plain
which was formed by alleviation by the rivers flowing in these
plains. Sirhind feeder and
Indira Gandhi Canal passes through the district. The
topography of the district is plain, with only 1.4% of its area
under forest cover.
|As of 2011 India
Faridkot had a population of 618,008 which constitute about 2%
of the total population of
Punjab. Males constitute 327,121 of the population and
females 290,887.The population density in this district is 424
persons per km2. Faridkot has an average literacy
rate of 70.6%: male literacy is 75.9%, and female literacy is
|The climate of the Faridkot is mostly dry, characterized by
a very hot summer, a short rainy season and a bracing winter.
The cold season is from November to March. it is followed by the
summer season which lasts up to the end of June. The period from
July to the middle of September constitutes the southwest
monsoon season. The later half of September and October is the
post-monsoon or transition period. The temperature increases
rapidly beginning with the end of March till June, which is the
hottest month, with the mean daily minimum temperature about
41 °C and the mean daily minimum about 26.5 °C. The temperature
is intensively hot during this period. The maximum temperature
can go beyond 47 °C on some days. With the onset of the monsoon
by the end of June or early July, there is an appreciable drop
in the day temperature. After October, both the day and night
temperatures decrease rapidly till January which is the coldest
month. The mean daily maximum temperature in January is about
20 °C and the mean daily minimum about 4.5 °C.
annual rainfall in the district is 433mm; about 71 percent of
the annual rainfall in the district is received during the
monsoon months July to September. Some rainfall occurs during
the pre-monsoon months, mostly in the form of thundershowers.
Weather is moderately cloudy during the monsoon season. During
the rest of the year the skies are mostly clear. Wind speed is
normally slow and flows in north to northwest, some times in
southeast direction, throughout the year.
Festival (Aagman Purab)
|Ever year, a festival is held to commemorate the arrival of
Baba Farid in Faridkot. The festival is held for 3 days
every year from 21 September - 23 September. On 23rd September,
a grand parade departs from Tilla Baba Farid (Sikh Temple) and
reaches Godari Sahib (Sikh Temple).
- Gurdwara Tilla (Chilla) Baba Farid
This temple is as old as the town itself. This temple is
situated near Qilla Mubarak (Royal
Fort). Baba Farid remained at this place in meditation for
40 days before proceeding to Pakpattan. A sacred piece of wood
with which Sheikh Baba Farid wiped his hands littered with mud
has been preserved in this temple. Shabad-Kirtan (Sikh hymns)
are recited daily and Langer (community kitchen) is also served
every day to the people visiting the temple.
This place is situated on the outskirts about 4 km on
Faridkot-Kotkapura road. It is believed that Baba Sheikh Farid
left his godari (jacket) there before entering Faridkot town. A
gurdwara had been constructed in 1982 and a sarover (pond)
was later constructed at this place.
|The city houses Baba Farid University of Health Sciences,
which is the premier medical university of Punjab. Guru Gobind
Singh Medical College and Hospital was established in the year
1973. Dasmesh Institute of Research & Dental Sciences is another
medical school in the city. Brijindra College was set-up in 1942
by the Faridkot Royalty. Dasmesh Public School, Baba Farid
Public School, St. Mary's Convent School and Delhi International
School are prominent schools in the town besides several other
Sources - http://www.wikipedia.com